ECO-TOURISM IN CUBA
The term ecotourism originated in the 60s in the USA. This was followed by first theories and later attempts of the implementation of the term. Namibia was one of the countries of the world in 1990 to coordinate ecological tourism through the Ministry of Environment and Tourism. The opposite of mass tourism should try to reduce the negative effects in holiday regions.
Cuba's tourism industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. However, ecotourism in Cuba has so far played only a small role, although the island has great potential. The tropical island is the habitat of many unique animal and plant species that are not found anywhere else in the world.
About one-fifth of the country's surface is protected - much more than the global average. The large areas, where the original nature is still preserved, provide a good starting point for ecotourism. There are 236 protected areas that make up 22% of the territory of the national territory. These are 26 749 km² of unique landscapes such as the valley of Viñales (province of Pinar del Rio), which has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Among them are also many World Biosphere Reserves and Nature Reserves, established by the Cuban Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, and subject to strict supervision of land use, river and coastal areas.
The tourist flagship project and excursion destination Las Terrazas is located in the province of Pinar del Río and is only 50 km west of Havanna. The UNESCO Biospore Reserve Sierra del Rosario, declared since 1985, has a population of around 1000. On 50,000 km² there are waterfalls, natural baths and more than 800 different plant species and 70 species of birds.
In order to further promote ecotourism and sustainable travel in Cuba, more and more excursions and excursions are put together, taking into account all aspects of ecotourism. This includes accommodation in and visits to protected areas, walks in the main national parks, visits to breeding grounds or reserves of exotic animals, bird watching, horseback riding, boat trips in sheltered Cayos, Diving, snorkeling, controlled sport fishing and much more.
World Biosphere in Cuba:
- Peninsula de Guanahacabibes (Pinar del Rio)
- Sierra del Rosario (Pinar del Rio)
- Cienaga de Zapata (Matanzas)
Do you want to spend your holiday off the beaten track?